Faculty of Law
AFIS (Amministrazione fiduciaria della somalia) established in 1954 the Institute of law which was satellite of the universities of Rome and Padova. In December 1969 the institute of law was transformed into the faculty of law. Under the auspices of the Italian Technical Cooperation, the SNU faculty of law reached its highest potential.
After the outbreak of the civil war in 1991 all the institutions and infrastructures were completely destroyed and the country faced a total collapse. The faculty of law was re-established again in 2014, enrolling 60 students after a pass in admission exam. Some students dropped out for different reasons. Currently the faculty has 45 students in the class.
The Somali society is characterized by long lasting civil war and remains deeply affected by poverty, internal displacement, tribalism human rights violation, weak rule of law, weak law enforcement machineries.SNU faculty of law firmly believes that the only way to overcome the challenges facing the Somali state building, to restore the rule of law, and redress the wide range of social differences, inter clan clashes, injustice and Human right violations, is to raise the public awareness on the law of the country.
Somalia National University, Faculty of law aspires to be a center of quality in higher learning and research with scholars devoted to producing well-trained, competent, and responsible legal professionals who could make a significant impact in Somalia’s socio-economic development, democracy, good governance, and social justice
SNU Faculty of law seeks to enhance democracy, good governance, equality social justice and economic developments for the people of Somalia through quality programs of teaching, research and public services based in variation of our internal problems.
- Manage the faculty of law efficiently
- Produce quality graduates
- Contribute to knowledge, development and innovation
- Developing all staff and students to their fullest potential;
- Attracting a culturally and internationally diverse community of scholars.
- Establishing within the faculty, centers that deal with our most pressing internal problems.
- Guaranteeing international competitive qualifications.
- Providing an intellectually and socially stimulating environment;
In order to realize our vision and mission certain values must be nurtured by the faculty. The faculty shall:
- Espouse the virtues of integrity, honesty, tolerance, professionalism, truth, and teamwork
- Uphold the ethics of teaching, learning, and research
- Ensuring openness and transparency in all its dealings and operations
- Respect the believes of others
- Respect and protect the environment
- Be at the forefront in providing leadership in National agenda
The university determines the admission criteria of law students. Admission to the law faculty will be based on;
- Students’ interest and.
- His or her performance in a recognized high school certificate.
- Results of an admission exam.
The faculty of law is setting up different academic centers such as social justice center, center for peace, and Marine and environmental Law center.
We believe that these centers are extremely important for Somalia today, which is a war torn country affected by civil war for more than two decades. These centers are more likely to tackle some of the most serious problems affecting our people, such as lack of justice for the vulnerable and the poor people, the wide spread of violence and political instability, deforestation(charcoal trade) illegal fish farming, industrial waste dumping in our seas and sea pirates .
- Social Justice Center
Social Justice Center established with the aim to provide a favorable ground for human rights advocacy and research, to offer free legal aid service for the vulnerable portion of the society, and to provide quality legal education which will produce competent legal professionals. The center will provide Education and Training, Research and Publication, and Legal Aid.
(a) Education and training program
This program focused on:
- Education and training aimed at raising the awareness of the general public, the poor, vulnerable and the disadvantaged, the university community, the justice sector and other relevant government bodies about human rights and basic as well as advanced legal education.
- To influence policy-making and law reform in Somalia through the development of fresh ideas on the most demanding and cutting-edge democratic governance obstacles to the full and effective enforcement and enjoyment of rights. It will seek to fulfill this mission by creating a safe intellectual space in which key stakeholders can think through possible solutions, with a range of inter-disciplinary projects that support the process and inform the debate so as to promote public accountability and the rule of law.
(b) SNU Law clinic and legal aid services
Senior law students may register for the Legal Practice course. Through the course the Law Clinic provides its students with outstanding practical legal training while at the same time rendering free legal assistance to impoverished communities who would not otherwise have access to professional legal services. This program focuses on assisting the poor, disadvantaged and vulnerable to realize their right to access to justice.
(2) PEACE CENTER
THE NEED FOR SOMALI PEACE CENTER
The peace center will foster dialogue and building the capacity in Somalia for the prevention of conflicts and, where conflicts do arise, it will provide a facility that speed up intervention response thus stemming the escalation of conflict and saving lives. The primary objective of the Somalia peace center will be to influence political developments in the country by bringing conflict resolution, dialogue and institutional development to the forefront as an alternative to armed violence and protracted conflict. The center will specialize in conflict management, analysis and prevention and will intervene in conflicts through mediation, negotiation, training and research in conflict analysis. It will also incorporate a resource and documentation center.
The program focus:
The Somalia Peace Center will operate at three levels:
- Making research on the causes of conflict in Somalia.
- Equipping Somalia’s leaders in the skills required to facilitate peace and resolve conflict through an extensive training program on conflict resolution, communication and leadership skills.
- Intervening in specific conflicts by facilitating and hosting mediation efforts in collaboration with other major players.
(3) Environment and Marine Law Center
The reason why the faculty of law has established a marine and environmental law center is:
- To prevent illegal fishing,
- Industrial waste dumping in our seas,
- Soil erosion and deforestation,
- Wild life migration and illegal wildlife trade (poaching).
Its functions include:
- Collect existing legislation on marine and environment, and raise public awareness.
- Bring together academics, practitioners, and policy makers to debate discuss and propose solutions on major environmental and marine issues that exist within our society.
- Monitor developments in the Law of the Sea and Environmental Law in the Somalia context.
- keeping interested parties, in both the public and private sectors, informed of these developments;
- publishing from time to time articles of an academic nature or occasional papers;
- providing opinions and undertaking research projects on a fee-paying basis when commissioned to do so;
- building up library on the Law of the Sea and Environmental Law;
- providing courses and research supervision for graduate students in aspects of the Law of the Sea and Environmental Law;
- Providing incidental lectures on these subjects as may be required by the University.
TEACHING AND LEARNING POLICY
- Benefiting from the opportunities of education requires a mutual commitment on the part of both student and teacher.
- Students should understand that, by accepting the offer of a place at the University, they undertake responsibility for their own learning. This requires that they attend classes, practical and other scheduled activities and prepare assignments to the best of their ability, handing in work on time.
- They should act with honesty and integrity, ensuring that work that they hand in is their own, that all the sources that they use are properly acknowledged, and those they respect and follow the rules and procedures for formal examinations.
Academic staff undertake to
- Provide clearly written course outlines, setting out what is expected of students for the complete course, that are available well in advance of the beginning of the course, to allow students adequate time to prepare;
- Provide lists of required and recommended reading for courses, in advance of the beginning of the course, and to establish that this material is in the University Library.
- Set out a clear and well designed system of assessment for the course, which defines what is expected of a student, and the relative value of different coursework, test and examination components; set clear and consistent requirements for courses, consistently enforced;
- Present lectures in a clear manner, explaining technical terms where appropriate;
- Establish a fair and consistent approach to hearing requests for concession and re-marking of assignments, and for leave of absence from lectures, and other class sessions;
- Adhere to an agreed and published timetable for lectures, and other teaching sessions that respects the need of students to plan their class attendance and study time;
- Return work submitted for assessment within a reasonable period of time, with adequate and appropriate comments and other forms of evaluation, and ahead of formal examinations, so that students can incorporate feedback in their examination preparation.
- Ensure consistent marking of examination papers.
Faculty of law clients:
- Somali Bar Association
- Law firms
- Law courts
- The community
Faculty of law partners
- Ministry of Justice
- Somali Bar Association
- Ministry of education,
- Ministry of higher education,
- Local and international collaborating universities,
- Law firms
- Student organizations
Our clients expect efficient and effective provision of services as follows:
- A transparent admission process;
- Prompt and fair processing of examination results and provisional transcripts
- Well maintained lecture theatres, computer laboratories, offices and other facilities
- An effective performance appraisal system;
- Safe and healthy environment;
- Courteous and timely response to requests and enquiries;
FACULTY OF LAW EXPECTATIONS
The Faculty of Law expects its clients/stakeholders to:
- Treat staff with respect and courtesy
- Provide sufficient and accurate information to enable us respond to requests appropriately
- Pay all service fees promptly.
- Support Faculty of Law/University programs and activities.
- Observe University rules and regulations.
COMMITMENT TO SERVICE DELIVERY
In our service delivery, we pledge that:
- All lectures shall be conducted fully and on time, as per approved timetables.
- Consolidated mark sheets shall be finalized and forwarded to examinations office within one month following end of examinations.
- The Faculty offices shall be open from seven thirty A.M. to one o’ clock P.M. daily
- The School shall maintain a healthy, safe and pleasant environment.
- The Faculty is an illicit drug free and no smoking zone.
- Routine correspondence shall be replied to within seven days from the date of receipt.
- The Faculty is a CORRUPTION FREE zone.
BASIC LEGAL EDUCATION PROGRAM
Every law graduate is trained in all parts of the law. The Law degree provides students with a sound knowledge of the general principles of the Somalia legal system, and an ability to use legal materials effectively. Graduates should be able critically to assess, interpret and apply the law and have the historical, comparative background that is essential for a systematic and critical understanding of law and legal institutions. The courses taken for the faculty are offered in four years.
- The course of study for the laurea in law is 4 years. The normal academic year will run 40 weeks or ten calendar months, 20 weeks per semester, 6 days a week and 6 hours per day.
- Many of the first, second, and third year required courses are to help students to familiarize themselves with the major law subjects like private law, public law, sharia law, constitutional law, administrative law, and criminal law etc..
- Other courses in the first, and second year, are designed to help the student learn by doing. This includes legal research and legal writing courses.
- By the third and fourth year students will be introduced to the practical aspects of the practice of law like practicing law in the courts, and practicing legislative drafting in the Parliament.
- In addition to that, it is compulsory for the students to write a research article (thesis) under the direction of a faculty expert.
The faculty of law is composed of three departments namely private law, Public law, penal and criminology.
Private law is that part of a civil law legal system that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts and the law of obligations (as it is called in civil legal systems). It is to be distinguished from public law, which deals with relationships between both natural and artificial persons (i.e., organizations) and the state, including regulatory statutes, penal law and other law that affects the public order. In general terms, private law involves interactions between private citizens, whereas public law involves interrelations between the state and the general population.
Public law is that part of law which governs relationships between individuals and the government, and those relationships between individuals which are of direct concern to the society. Public law comprises constitutional law, administrative law, tax law and criminal law, as well as all procedural law.
Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behavior, both on the individual and social levels. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in the behavioral sciences, drawing especially upon the research of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law.